Alvarado Area of Wildcat Canyon Park: Improvements – Richmond CA

Main entrance, Alvarado Park - Richmond CA

The New Deal made major improvements to the former Alvarado Park on the east side of Richmond CA, where Wildcat Creek tumbles out of the East Bay hills. Alvarado Park was transferred by the city of Richmond to the East… read more

Anacostia Park: Improvements – Washington DC

Anacostia Park - Washington DC

Anacostia Park is one of Washington DC’s two largest parks and recreation areas, along with Rock Creek Park.  It covers over 1200 acres along the Anacostia River from South Capitol Street SE to the Maryland boundary in NE.  The New… read more

Armstrong Redwoods State Natural Reserve: Improvements – Guerneville CA

Trail in Armstrong Redwoods SNP - Guerneville CA

The Works Progress Administration (WPA) did extensive improvements at Armstrong State Park, circa 1935-1936.  Relief workers  built an amphitheater, a community building (including warden’s headquarters), picnic areas with stone stoves and tables built from native redwood, a timber bridge, two… read more

Arroyo Viejo Recreation Center – Oakland CA

Arroyo Viejo Recreation Center/Park was developed between 1936 and 1939 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA), working with the Oakland Recreation Department.  The WPA funded the project for around $60,000 in 1935 (Chronicle 1935). The 16 acre site on Arroyo… read more

Bellevue Hill Park Improvements – Boston MA

W.P.A. project description: 1938 Massachusetts Metropolitan District Commission annual report: “Blue Hills Division, in Boston; this project provided for extensive beautification work of road construction, sidewalk construction, grading of roadside slopes, drainage, etc. in Stony Brook Reservation, Bellevue Hill Section,… read more

Big Basin Redwoods State Park Improvements – Boulder Creek CA

Big Basin State Park Visitors Center

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) installed a camp at Big Basin, California’s first state park (1901), and built a variety of facilities for public recreation.   Big Basin was saved through the efforts… read more

Big Oak Flat Road – Yosemite National Park CA

View of Half Dome from Big Oak Flat Road - Yosemite National Park CA

The present Big Oak Flat Road was constructed by the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR), with Public Works Administration (PWA) funding, between 1935 and 1940.  It is one of  three main roads into Yosemite Valley, along with El Portal road… read more

Blue Hills Reservation – Milton MA

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), Civil Works Administration (CWA), and Works Progress Administration (WPA) conducted extensive development work at Massachusetts’s Blue Hills Reservation. Massachusetts Metropolitan District Commission annual reports detail the work of the CCC over time. 1933 report: “In the latter… read more

Breakheart Reservation – Saugus MA

The Civilian Coservation Corps (C.C.C.) was active at the Breakheart Reservation in Saugus, Mass. 1934 Metropolitan District Commission annual report: “Under Chapter 338, Acts of 1934, the Commission were authorized to purchase about 650 acres of land in Saugus and Wakefield,… read more

Bryce Canyon National Park Improvements – Bryce Canyon UT

Bryce Canyon National Park

Bryce Canyon was originally designated as a national monument by President Warren G. Harding in 1923 and became a national park through an act of Congress in 1928. The park covers 35,835 acres in south-central Utah. The New Deal greatly… read more

Cape Lookout State Park – Tillamook OR

Cape Lookout State Park beach and picnic area

Acquired for state park use in 1935, the State Park plans for this beautiful stretch of coastline in Tillamook County initially focused on its use as an undeveloped, natural preserve. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) enrollees built the first major improvement,… read more

Cape Sebastian State Scenic Corridor (Cape Sebastian State Park) – Gold Beach OR

View from Cape Sebastian State Scenic CorridorResize

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) enrollees began development of the 537-acre Cape Sebastian State Park as early as October 1934. The promontory, covered by spruce forest, offers striking views of the Pacific below. CCC workers developed the roads and trails necessary… read more

Castle Crags State Park Development – Castella CA

From 1933 to 1937, Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) workers developed Castle Crags State Park for public use.  CCC enrollees from a camp at Castella built “the park’s roads, trails, infrastructure and buildings in the ‘park rustic’ style of native wood and stone.”… read more

CCC Camp – Valentine NE

The Omaha World-Herald announced in the June 13, 1933 edition that Nebraska’s sixth Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp was approved in Washington D.C. and that it would be located near Valentine. Officials arrived in September to make arrangements for the… read more

CCC Camp Britton – Windsor CT

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)’s Company #1193, Camp Britton, was based at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Windsor, Connecticut. It operated from Sept. 12, 1935 to May 26, 1937. Work included planting trees, insect eradication, forest improvements, road building, and clean-up work… read more

CCC Camp NA-1 (National Arboretum) – Washington DC

Young African-American men of CCC company 1360 - Washington DC

Camp NA-1 was located in the National Arboretum, Washington, DC, and was home to Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Company 1360, an all African-American unit. Many of the enrollees in Company 1360 were young men from the city itself. Company 1360… read more

CCC Camp NHP-2 (former) – Yorktown VA

Members and award banner, Co. 323, Yorktown, VA

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp NHP-2 was created at Yorktown VA for the purpose of developing the Colonial National Historical Park (Jamestown Settlement, Yorktown Battlefield, Colonial Parkway). Camp NHP-2 housed CCC Company 323, which had been formed in Fort Washington, Maryland, in… read more

CCC Camp Saddle Mountain (former) – Seaside OR

CCC Camp Saddle Mountain, Company #1258 - Seaside OR 

Members of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) #1258 arrived at CCC Camp Saddle Mountain near Seaside and Cannon Beach OR in the summer of 1935. The majority of the Company’s enrollees were from New York. Although the CCC workers occupied tents… read more

CCC Camp SP3 – Fairburn SD

Historic marker for CCC Camp SP-3 in South Dakot

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) maintained a camp on French Creek east of Custer State Park in South Dakota from 1934 to 1941.  It was officially camp SP-3 (meaning State Park #3).  The recruits worked on projects in region under… read more

CCC Camp Trask (former) – Tillamook OR

CCC Camp Trask Plaque

From 1935 through May 1941, the area now occupied by the Trask River County Campground served as the site of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp Trask. The enrollees stationed at the camp worked primarily on truck trail construction and other… read more

CCC Camp Wolcott – Torrington CT

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)’s Company #176, Camp Wolcott, was based at Paugnut State Forest in Torrington, Connecticut. It operated from 1933 to 1937. Work accomplished included construction of 8 miles of truck trails and many miles of cross-country ski trails.

CCC Camp: Blue Hills Reservation – Milton MA

From 1933-1937 a Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp operated within the Blue Hills Reservation, south of Boston. Over that time the CCC made numerous improvements to the Reservation, including two lookout towers, ski trails, a toboggan run, and any number… read more

CCC Camps – Grand Canyon National Park AZ

Company 818 tent camp on the North Rim - Grand Canyon National Park AZ

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was extremely active in Grand Canyon National Park from 1933 to 1942.  There were six CCC camps on the North Rim, South Rim and in the canyon itself and seven companies active over the decade:… read more

Colonial Parkway – Yorktown VA

Colonial Parkway Entrance

Colonial Parkway is part of the National Park Service’s Colonial National Historical Park. It is a scenic 23-mile parkway that links together Virginia’s Historic Triangle of colonial-era communities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Yorktown. Different portions of the parkway were built between 1930 and… read more

Colorado National Monument: Rim Rock Drive – Grand Junction CO

Rim Rock Drive - Colorado National Monument

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) constructed the 23-mile Rim Rock Drive from one end of the Colorado National Monument to the other.  It is a remarkable road that winds along the top of the cliffs, with spectacular views of the… read more

Colossal Cave Mountain Park: Cave Access – Vail AZ

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) carried out major work at Colossal Cave and the surrounding park north of Vail AZ (now a suburb of Tucson, but far to the east in the 1930s). They improved access for visitors to the… read more

Cove Lake State Park – Caryville TN

Cove Lake State Park, originally planned as Fort Mountain Park, was the third joint effort of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and the National Parks Service (NPS). The initial 668-acre park was built along the… read more

Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge – Ellsworth NE

Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge was created in 1931 under the Hoover Administration, but was not improved until President Franklin Roosevelt came into office in 1933. The refuge lies on the southwestern edge of the Sand Hills of Nebraska and… read more