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  • 10th and Choctaw Road Culvert - Choctaw OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert on Choctaw Road in Choctaw, OK. Contributor note: "This culvert carries water run-off north-south at the intersection of 10th Street and Choctaw Road. The culvert has a 3 ft by 3 ft. opening, and at the time of our visit was heavily overgrown with tall grasses. At the top of each curb of the culvert, the WPA shield is stamped reading 1939."  
  • 10th Street and Autumn Lane Culvert - Harrah OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert at the intersection of 10thStreet and and Autumn Lane in Harrah, in 1939. Contributor note: "This culvert carries water run-off north-south under 10th Street, about two miles west of the town of Harrah. The culvert opening is about 3 ft by 3 ft. Stamped on top of the curbing on either side of the road is the WPA shield and the date 1939."
  • 10th Street and Dobbs Road Culverts - Harrah OK
    The Works Progress Administration built culverts at the intersection of 10th Street and Dobbs Road in Harrah, in 1939. Contributor note: "These two culverts carry water run-off east-west under Dobbs Road, on each side of 10th Street. The culverts were built by the WPA in 1939. The culvert on the north side of 10th Street is approximately 2 ft. high and 3 ft. wide; the culvert on the south is 2 ft. high and 4 ft. wide. Though partially filled with sand and dirt, they appear to be handling the water flow satisfactorily. On the curbing of each culvert end, a WPA stamp...
  • 10th Street and Luther Road Culvert - Harrah OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert at the intersection of 10th Street and Luther Road in Harrah, in 1939. Contributor note: "This culvert carries water east-west under Luther Road, on the south side of 10th Street. The culvert opening is approximately 3 ft by 3 ft. The culvert carries water run-off and we saw no creek in the vicinity. On top of the curbing, the WPA stamp reads 1939."
  • 10th Street and Peebly Road Culverts - Harrah OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert on 10thStreet Peebly Road, Oklahoma County. Contributor note: "On 10th Street, between Choctaw and Harrah, at Peebly Road, there are two culverts which carry water east-west from the drainage ditches alongside 10th Street. The culvert openings are rectangular, and approximately 2 ft. by 3 ft. The WPA did extensive road and drainage work in this area in the latter part of the 1930's. These culverts are stamped 1939."
  • 10th Street Bridge - Choctaw OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a bridge on 10thStreet in Choctaw. Contributor note: "One-half mile east of Hiwassee Road on 10th Street, this is a bridge with three 10 ft. wide openings, and five concrete pillars at each side of the road. The bridge spans north-south flowing water down an unnamed creek. The bridge is located on the northern edge of the Optimist Park. The bridge appears to be in good condition. On each side of the road, a pillar is stamped with the WPA shield and the date 1939."
  • 10th Street Culvert - Oklahoma County OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert on 10th Street in Oklahoma County, in 1939. Contributor note: "This culvert is located about 200 feet east of the intersection of 10th Street and Peebly Road. This culvert carries water north-south from a small pond northeast of the culvert. Run-off must be quite severe at times, as the culvert opening is about 3 ft. by 6 ft. As with much of the culvert road in this area, this culvert was constructed in 1939 by the WPA."
  • 10th Street Culverts - Gotebo OK
    The Works Progress Administration built culverts on 10th Street in Gotebo, OK in 1938. The culverts are marked with the WPA stamp and are located north and south of Maud Linnie Avenue. Contributor note: In front of a former school, these two culverts cross 10th Street, north and south of Maud Linnie Avenue. They handle drainage flowing east-west. The culverts are concrete and have openings approximately 2 ft. high and 4 ft. wide. The curbing is imprinted with the WPA stamp showing the year 1938. Grass and weeds are grown up at the entrances which may impede the water flow. The nearby auditorium/gymnasium was also...
  • 123rd Street Sewer Improvements - Queens NY
    The WPA photos here show the sewer cut at the end of 123rd St. in Queens before and after the WPA improved it. The before photo has the following caption: "This is how the sewer cut at 123rd St. south of Sunrise Highway in Queens looked before WPA waved its magic wand. The magic in this case took the form of a small array of Federal relief workers who transformed the cut into a modern sewage canal." The after photo depicts the sewer cut "after a force of WPA workers had rebuilt its walls."
  • 125th Street Sewer - New York NY
    The Work Projects Administration undertook a large sewer replacement project with respect to 125th Street in Manhattan. The project was described by the WPA in 1940: "Completed early in 1940. New twin flat-op reinforced concrete sewer, each half ranging from six feet to seven feet in depth and from six feet six inches to eight feet eight inches in width, replacing an antiquated brick sewer. Total length of 3,720 feet, in addition to an overflow chamber, 98 feet long, 22 feet wide and 16 feet 8 inches deep, which was built at the lower end. At the riverfront, the construction includes...
  • 179th Street Sewer - New York NY
    This WPA photo showing a WPA sewer under construction has the following caption: "Engineers take pride in their work. This smiling WPA worker is as proud as his fellow workers and chief engineers as the big job nearing completion in the vicinity  of 179th Street and Highbridge Park. Antiquated and inadequate sewers are being replaced with modern ones - an important adjunct in the plan for improving sanitary conditions in the five boros of New York."
  • 24th Street Retaining Walls - Parkersburg WV
    The Works Progress Administration built retaining walls on 24th Street in Parkersburg.
  • 26th Street Storm Sewers - Parkersburg WV
    The Works Progress Administration built storm sewers on 26th Street in Parkersburg.
  • 65th St. Transverse Sewers - New York NY
    The 65th St. transverse cuts across Central Park. This WPA photo shows WPA workers developing the sewer system along the transverse.
  • 8th and Denver Culvert - Okemah OK
    This culvert was completed in 1939 by the Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA). It runs north-south and crosses Denver on the east side of N. 8th. The tunnel is constructed using large cut block, and the opening is approximately 3 ft. by 5 ft. The curbing at each end is stamped with the WPA shield indicating 1939.
  • 8th Street Culvert - Gotebo OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert at the intersection of 8th Street and Maud Linnie Avenue in Gotebo, OK. Contributor note: "This culvert is located in a residential area and crosses 8th Street east to west. The culvert is concrete and the opening is about 2 ft. high and 4 ft. wide. On each curb there is a WPA shield pressed into the concrete reading WPA 1938. The culvert is partially blocked by concrete blocks at each end, and does not look like it would function properly."
  • 8th Street Culvert - Okemah OK
    The Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) completed this culvert in 1939. It appears to handle water running through a two-block, man-made drainage ditch, just west of the WPA athletic stadium. The culvert runs east-west and is approximately 3 ft. high by 6 ft. wide. The culvert is constructed of large, cut blocks.
  • Anacostia Interceptor Sewer and Pumping Station - Washington DC
    In fiscal year 1934, the DC Government reported that the Public Works Administration (PWA) had allotted $1,759,500 for five sewer projects in the District: northeast boundary sewer, Piney Branch relief sewer, outfall sewer, upper Potomac interceptor, and upper Anacostia main interceptor and pumping station. The initial PWA allotment for the Anacostia Interceptor and pumping station was $231,000. This was significantly reduced, however, after Maryland decided to limit its pollution into the Anacostia River by building treatment plants in the general area of the proposed Anacostia Interceptor. In March 1934, the Peter D’Amato Construction Company was awarded a contract for $47,504 to install...
  • Anna’s Hope Infrastructure Improvements - St. Croix VI
    The CWA completed land improvements at Anna’s Hope, including the improvement of roads, grounds, installing drainage, and terracing the grounds.
  • Artic Brook Sewer - Bangor ME
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) built the Artic Brook Sewer in Bangor ME. The 1934 town report notes: "The Arctic Brook sewer was enclosed from Broadway to Kenduskeag Stream, or a distance of 2600 feet, by a 36 inch sewer, at a cost of $51,530." According to earlier articles, during December, 169 men plus a foreman and blacksmith were employed on the project. A typical pay week would bring $2,153 to the men. "ARTIC SEWER JOB BROUGHT CITY $50,000 More than $37,600 Spent For Labor on First CWA Project" "Approximately $50,000 was spent on the Artic Brook sewer, the oldest CWA project, in point of...
  • Arvin Sewer System - CA
    WPA workers built the main sewer in Arvin.
  • Ash Street Improvements - East Hartford CT
    The Works Progress Administration (WPA) conducted a project in East Hartford involving "Ash Street grading and surface drain job."
  • Auburn Road Storm Sewer - West Hartford CT
    Multiple projects were "planned, staked out and supervised" by West Hartford's Engineering Department in 1935-6 utilizing Federal Emergency Relief Administration (F.E.R.A.) and/or Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.) labor. One such project involved storm sewer construction along Auburn Road.
  • Austin Cary Forest - Gainesville FL
    In 1939, the federal Work Progress Administration (WPA) worked to develop Austin Cary Forest, a UCF facility used for "the purposes of academic teaching, research, extension education, and demonstration". The WPA "built roads, buildings, and water draining ditches. And 100,000 board feet of pine and 80,000 cypress shingles were logged from the forest and processed at the School's sawmill."
  • Azalea St. Culvert - Piedmont OK
    The Works Progress Administration built a culvert on Azalea St., north of Piedmont, on the border of Canadian and Kingfisher Counties, Oklahoma. Contributor note: "This culvert is located just east of Mustang Road on Azalea Street NE (Waterloo Road). It runs north-south from Canadian County on the south to Kingfisher County on the north. This creek must carry quite a bit of water because the concrete culvert opening is approximately 8 feet high and 14 feet wide. A stamped shield on the culvert curbing shows that the WPA constructed this in 1939."
  • Babson Reservoir Water Tank (former) - Gloucester MA
    WPA Bulletin, 1937: "Up in Gloucester four WPA painters are specks in the sky as they swing in tiny bossun's chairs from the top of the 250-foot Babson Reservoir water tank which they are painting. Such a height should make a sea gull unbalanced but these men don't mind it a bit. "Safer than walking on the street" says Harrison Boutwell, one of the WPA'ers, an ex-navy man who was given a medal last summer for saving a child from death after it had fallen into Gloucester harbor and was held by the muddy bottom." Living New Deal believes the water...
  • Bayless Avenue Culverts - Binghamton NY
    The caption to the Works Progress Administration photo above notes that this is "one of 2 culverts built by WPA in the city. This project is known as Bayless Ave. Culverts and employed 37 men" (WPA) More information is needed about the present status and exact location of the project.  
  • Beach 87th Street Sewer - Far Rockaway NY
    The federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) constructed a 1,345-foot-long sewer line along Beach 87th Street in Far Rockaway, New York, from a road then known as Bruce Place to Jamaica Bay. Work began in May 1939.
  • Bellevue Pond Improvements - Medford MA
    The W.P.A. conducted the following work at what is now just Bellevue Pond: 1937 MDC annual report: "Bellevue Ponds, Medford; work was started in the late fall of 1937 on a project for improvement and development, as a recreational area, of the Upper and Lower Bellevue Pond and surrounding land on South Border Road near the Roosevelt Circle. The ponds will be dredged and cleaned, gravel placed on banks, rubble masonry spillways constructed, the surrounding woodland thinned and improved and gravel walks will be built." 1938 report: "South Border Road, Middlesex Fells Reservation, Medford; the development and beautification of Upper and Lower Bellevue Ponds on South Border Road was...
  • Bergfeld Park Improvements - Tyler TX
    In 1913 the City of Tyler purchased the land for Bergfeld Park. Starting in 1936, the Works Progress Administration made improvements to the park including a stone amphitheater, rock culverts, and a rock lined creek, restrooms, and tennis courts. The city renovated the amphitheater in 2017 with a new stage and seating arrangement.
  • Berlin Street Improvements - Montpelier VT
    Montpelier's 1937 Annual Report details roadwork projects undertaken in 1936 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) funds, including: "Berlin Street from River Street to the City line and a portion of Winooski Avenue received tar treatment for the first time." Sewers were installed by the WPA as well, e.g.: "622 feet of 6-inch tile was laid on Berlin St." Sidewalk work that year included 633 feet of tar walks along the west side of Berlin Street heading south from River Street, an area of 284 square yards.
  • Blake's Brook Drainage - Ashland MA
    The Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.) conducted drainage work along a waterway known as Blake's Brook in Ashland, Mass. Living New Deal cannot determine the location of this waterway.
  • Blandina Street Sewer - Utica NY
    A National Archives photo caption describes a sizable federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) project undertaken in Utica, New York: "300 WPA workers building a new sewer line on Blandina Street, Utica, NY, which replaces an old sewer laid 66 years (ago). This job is being finished in 8 days - 2 days ahead of schedule- working 24 hours daily, 7 days a week. Cost will be $1000 under estimate." (FERI)
  • Blue Hill River Road - Milton MA
    W.P.A. project description: "Blue Hill River Road and Ponkapoag Trail, Milton; early in 1939 work will be begun on additional improvements at the recreational area adjacent to Hoosicwhisick Pond. The project provides for the construction of 3,250 linear feet of roadway 12-ft. wide, two parking spaces of 17,000 square yards, clearing and grubbing of 145,000 square yards of wooded land and incidental work of grading, laying drains, removing trees, etc."
  • Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant - Washington DC
    The New Deal was responsible for the original Blue Plains Disposal Plant at the southern end of the District of Columbia, as well as many miles of new sewer lines to collect Washington's growing flow of waste water.  Up to that time, the city discharged millions of gallons of raw sewage directly into the Potomac River, which had become foul. The system and treatment facility have been greatly expanded over time, but the mark of the New Deal is still evident. In 1934, the Washington Post reported that the Public Works Administration (PWA) had allotted $8,000,000 to Washington DC for the...
  • Bluff Street and Third Street to Elk Creek Storm Sewer - Clarksburg WV
    The Works Progress Administration built storm sewers from Bluff Street and Third Street to Elk Creek in Clarksburg.
  • Boardwalk Improvements - Atlantic City NJ
    The federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) worked to improve the boardwalk in in Atlantic City ca. 1935-6. The project included the installation of new decking. The improvements helped the boardwalk to withstand the Cape Hatteras hurricane of 1936.
  • Boston Army Base (former) - Boston MA
    Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.) conducted drastic improvement work at the South Boston Army Base in Boston, Massachusetts. WPA Bulletin: At the Army Base, South Boston, WPA employed more than 1000 men repairing and altering buildings, warehouses, wharves, roads, grounds and water and electric systems. The site of the old army base is now part of Raymond L. Flynn Marine Park. Per the DoD Heritage Assessment cited below: W.P.A. project information: "Boston Army Base" "Improve U.S. Maritime Commission buildings" Official Project Number: 165‐2‐14‐155 Total project cost: $163,750.00 Sponsor: War Department "Improve and rehabilitate buildings and utilities" Official Project Number: 165‐2‐14‐177 Total project cost: $96,755.00 Sponsor: Commanding Officer, Boston Army Base, U.S....
  • Bourne Avenue Drainage System - East Providence RI
    Under the Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.), "a large drainage system was built along Bourne Avenue" in East Providence.
  • Bowery Bay Wastewater Treatment Plant - Queens NY
    The Works Progress Administration (WPA) provided resources for the construction of what was then known as the Bowery Bay Pumping Station. The facility, which bears a 1940 cornerstone, has since been expanded. "Under the auspices of the New York Department of Sanitation, between 1937 and 1944, three new wastewater treatment plants were constructed — Wards Island in Manhattan, and Bowery Bay and Tallman Island in Queens. These facilities were designed to reduce pollutants in the Harlem River and in the East River, whose dark and murky waters had some of the lowest dissolved oxygen concentrations in the harbor. During the summer...
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