James Creek DwellingsPhoto by the Alley Dwelling Authority, ca. 1937-1944. Source: Report of the National Capital Housing Authority, 1934-1944.
The Alley Dwelling Authority (ADA) and the United States Housing Authority (USHA) funded the construction of the James Creek Dwellings in Washington, DC between 1941 and 1943.
The ADA was one of the earliest New Deal initiatives to provide better housing for low-income Americans. It replaced unsafe alley dwellings in Washington, DC with more modern and affordable houses and apartments. The ADA existed from 1934-1943 as a federally controlled special authority. It then slowly evolved into today’s DC Housing Authority, an independent agency of the DC Government.
Beginning in December 1941, the ADA was ordered to prioritize housing for war workers. James Creek Dwellings was the first of the ADA’s projects to have its plans & purposes modified by these wartime changes.
Report of the National Capital Housing Authority, For the Ten-Year Period 1934-1944, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945, available on Hathitrust (accessed July 14, 2020).
“James Creek,” DC Housing Authority (accessed July 26, 2020).
Project originally submitted by Brent McKee on July 30, 2020.
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