Dixie Homes – Memphis TN

Description

One of Memphis’ first two public housing ventures was Dixie Homes, built for African American residents, after the Memphis Housing Authority was established in 1935. “Memphis became the second city in the nation, following New York, to establish a local housing authority” following the establishment of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) in 1934.

Consisting of 633 units, the project cost $3,400,000 for both facilities–the first was constructed for whites in keeping with the South’s segregation policies. Dixie Homes was constructed following demolition of the Quimby Bayou swamp area slums, and was designed in the two-story, commons area block-style meant to encourage a sense of community. Dixie Homes was demolished in 2006.

Project Details

Federal Cost Local Cost Total Cost Project #'s
3400000

Source notes

Bond, B. G., & Sherman, J. (2003). Memphis in Black and White. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing.

Leighninger, R. D. (2007). Long-Range Public Investment: The Forgotten Legacy of the New Deal.  University of South Carolina Press.

"The Village" Cultural Resources Survey. (2001). Memphis Heritage.  Retrieved from http://www.memphisheritage.org/the-village/

"HCD & MHA Histories." Retrieved from http://www.memphistn.gov/Government/HousingCommunityDevelopment/HCDMHAHistories.aspx

Project originally submitted by Susan C. Allen on December 9, 2014.

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Location Info


Poplar Avenue
Memphis, Tennessee 38105

Coordinates: 35.150313, -90.024703

2 comments on “Dixie Homes – Memphis TN

  1. Cato . W . Howard, Jr.

    I was under the impression that Dixie Home public housing project was the first in the nation. I lived there from 1941 to 1951. Questions. Was there a different name for the white homes constructed at the same time? Are there records on the occupants that lived there. We lived at 891 H on Mosby St. Are there pictures of the homes and the demolation?

  2. Dravidi Pasha

    Mr. Cato W. Howard, good morning!

    The “white homes” that too were constructed, were the Lauderdale Courts Housing Projects, further down Poplar Avenue and closer to Downtown Memphis! They were completed first, around 1935 or 36. The author didn’t write that passage clearer enough but both housings were the first two built in Memphis, for blacks and the other for whites. Next in 1949-41, the Lamar Terrace was built for whites, the Foote Homes & LeMoyne Gardens for blacks. In the early 1950s, the Hurt Village was built for whites, the Clayborn & Fowler Homes for blacks. In 1970, the L.M. Graves Manor, Walter Simmons, and Getwell Gardens were built for low-income apartments purposes.

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