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  • East Lake Courts - Chattanooga TN
    The East Lake Courts public housing complex was undertaken during the Great Depression in Chattanooga, Tennessee with the assistance of funds provided by the United States Housing Authority (USHA). East Lake Courts was constructed in a "restrained Colonial Revival Style" (Van West, p. 138) containing 437 units on 35 acres. The total cost for East Lake (White only) and nearby College Hill Courts (Black only) was $3.8 million. The facility was renovated during the 1990s and remained in use as of September 2014, when plans to demolish or sell were announced.
  • Elizabeth Park Senior Citizen Center - Nashville TN
    The Works Progress Administration (WPA) constructed a recreation building at Elizabeth Park in Nashville, Tennessee. The building now serves as a senior citizen center.
  • Fall Creek Falls State Park - Pikeville TN
    "Fall Creek Falls State Resort Park is a state park in Middle Tennessee, located between Pikeville and Spencer. The 20,000-acre (81 km2) park spans the boundary between Van Buren and Bledsoe counties. The park is centered on the upper Cane Creek Gorge, an area known for its unique geological formations and scenic waterfalls. The park's namesake is the 256-foot (78 m) Fall Creek Falls, the highest free-fall waterfall east of the Mississippi River... In 1935, the U.S. government began purchasing the badly eroded land around Fall Creek Falls. The following year, the Works Project Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps began the work of...
  • Federal Building - Clarksville TN
    The Federal Building in Clarksville, Tennessee—originally constructed as a post office, was constructed during the Great Depression with Treasury Department funds. The design of the United States Post Office for Clarksville was released April 19, 1935, to be located on the corner of Legion and Second streets. The front of the building is marble, with brick sides with marble trim. Six partial columns extend across the front, spaced between windows/center door, and light posts are on either side of the door on short columns. The lobby floor was marble. Two murals were installed in the building, in 1938, painted by F....
  • Federal Building - Columbia TN
    Originally constructed as the United States Post Office and Courthouse, the historic Federal Building in Columbia, Tennessee was constructed with Treasury Department funds. The building houses multiple examples of New Deal artwork.
  • Federal Building Art - Columbia TN
    The United States Courthouse in Columbia, TN, formerly the post office, is home to Sidney Waugh's 1941 limestone sculpture, entitled "American Eagle," and Henry Billings's 1942 oil on canvas mural, entitled "Maury County Landscape." Both were completed with funds provided by the Treasury Section of Fine Arts.
  • Floyd Stadium - Murfreesboro TN
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) conducted work in 1933 to construct what is now known as Johnny "Red" Floyd Stadium at what was then the Middle State Normal School (Teachers College)—now Middle Tennessee State University. The facility has been enlarged multiple times over the years.
  • Fort Donelson National Battlefield Restoration - Dover TN
    In 1937, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) undertook historical restoration for a number of sites in the National Parks, including the Civil War-era Fort Donelson battlefield.
  • Fort Loudon Dam - Lenoir City TN
    Fort Loudon Dam is one of many New Deal dams built by the Tennessee Valley Authority: "In the mid-1930s, TVA drafted its "unified plan," a series of long-term goals that called for the construction of a series of dams along the Tennessee River to provide a minimum 9-foot (2.7 m) navigation channel along the entire length of the river, control flooding in the Tennessee Valley, and bring electricity to the area. The Fort Loudoun project was initially known as a the Coulter Shoals project, named for a site identified by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 6 miles (9.7 km) upstream from the...
  • Fort Loudoun - Vonore TN
    Fort Loudoun was in operation from 1756 to 1760, when it was captured by the Cherokee. It fell to ruin until 1917 when it was recognized as an historic site. In 1933, the Tennessee General Assembly purchased the fort and created the Fort Loudoun Association, which managed it until the Tennessee State Parks purchased it in 1977. From 1935 to 1938, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) undertook restoration and archaeological work under the "Fort Loudoun Restoration Project," with plans to reconstruct the fort "as based on historical and archeological research." (wikipedia)
  • Fort Negley Reconstruction - Nashville TN
    The New Deal did a great deal of work restoring and improving historic battlefields around the country in the 1930s.  As part of this effort, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) restored Fort Negley in 1937-38.  This was an important Confederate fortification during the Civil War. Using the original plans, 800 relief workers of the WPA reconstructed the limestone fort at a cost of $84,000. Fort Nagley reopened to the public in 1938. It is still an historical attraction in Nashville and has a new visitor's center and informative historical markers.
  • Franklin County Courthouse - Winchester TN
    The Franklin County Courthouse was undertaken during the Great Depression in Winchester, Tennessee with the assistance of funds provided by the Public Works Administration (PWA). The courthouse was constructed in a PWA Moderne style with "classical pilasters and low relief Art Deco details on exterior and interior" (Van West, 2001, p. 37). The three story building is limestone veneer and "notable for its central clock tower--the only New Deal courthouse in Tennessee to have such a feature" (Van West, p. 37). PWA funded $42,000 of the cost, and a $100,000 local bond issue provided the remainder.
  • Frist Art Museum (former Main Post Office) - Nashville TN
    Nashville's former main post office was built in 1933-34 by the Treasury Department's Office of Construction (later the Office of Procurement).  The enormous structure, filling a city block, was constructed in a record 18 months. The design by architects Marr and Holman is a distinctive "stripped" classicism exterior design (often simply called Classical Moderne). The exterior is white Georgia marble with gray-pink Minnesota granite. The interior is done in the Art Deco Style with cast aluminum doors and grillwork, colored marble and stone on floors and walls. Interior marble included Fantasia Rose and Monte Neva from East Tennessee, Westfield marble from...
  • Frozen Head State Park - Morgan TN
    "Frozen Head State Park and Natural Area is a state park in Morgan County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. The park, situated in the Crab Orchard Mountains between the city of Wartburg and the community of Petros, contains some of the highest mountains in Tennessee west of the Blue Ridge... In 1933, Tennessee Governor Harry McAlister set aside a large part of Brushy Mountain State Prison's lands for the establishment of Morgan State Forest. The Civilian Conservation Corps arrived that same year to construct roads and facilities for forest maintenance. CCC operations continued in the forest until 1941, although rattlesnakes...
  • Gibson County Airport - Milan TN
    Gibson County Airport was developed by the Works Progress Administration, a New Deal program. Tennessee Encyclopedia: "Some of Tennessee's largest WPA projects reflected the arrival of the age of flight. WPA workers helped complete landing fields and airports at Jellico, Cookeville, Lebanon, Jackson, and Milan."
  • Golf Course - Elizabethton TN
    From the Elizabethton Golf Course website: "In late 1935 a group of Elizabethton business men made plans to buy and develop some local property into a golf course. They retained Raymond Campbell, Attorney and charter member of the group, to obtain the necessary land for the project. Mr. Campbell was successful in purchasing 70 acres of land, up for foreclosure, for $5,000, from the Hamilton National Bank of Johnson City. The original group of men, numbering 20, invested $250 each to purchase the land. In 1936 the same tract of land was deeded to the first Trustees of the organization - R.C....
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park - Gatlinburg TN
    "Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a United States National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site that straddles the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains, part of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which are a division of the larger Appalachian Mountain chain. The border between Tennessee and North Carolina runs northeast to southwest through the centerline of the park. It is the most visited national park in the United States... The park was officially established on June 15, 1934. During the Great Depression, the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Works Progress Administration, and other federal organizations made trails, fire watchtowers, and other infrastructure...
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Chimneys Picnic Area - Gatlinburg TN
    The CCC built comfort stations out of rustic stone at the Chimneys Picnic Area.
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Elkmont Bridge - Gatlinburg TN
    The multiple arch steel and stone masonry bridge spanning the Little River at Elkmont Campground in the Great Smoky Mountain National Park was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (Historic American Engineering Record, 1996). The bridge is stone veneer and multi-plate corrugated metal arches constructed on top of concrete piers. It originally was surfaced with crushed rock, but was later paved with asphalt. It is located on Elkmont Road, 1.95 miles from the intersection of Elkmont Road and Little River Road. The full bridge is 201 feet long and 22 feet wide. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) enrollees began construction in...
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Rockefeller Memorial - Gatlinburg TN
    Rockefeller Memorial, in Newfound Gap, honors a $5 million gift from the Rockefeller Foundation to complete land acquisitions for the creation of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), as were the roads, trails, and other structures in the park, the memorial was the site of the dedication of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park on September 2, 1940 by President Roosevelt. National Park Service Director from 1933-1940, Arno B. Cammerer is credited with convincing John D. Rockefeller of the "urgency of protecting the Smokies from the lumber companies and the value of a...
  • Grundy State Forest - Tracy City TN
    "In the late 1930s, after the property had been donated by the Tennessee Consolidated Coal Company, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) reclaimed the land, built the lakes, planted new trees and foliage, and constructed recreational facilities. The considerable CCC effort turned a wasteland into new recreational opportunities for a community that had been devastated by the Great Depression. Grundy Forest began as another CCC project in 1935, after local residents purchased 211 acres and donated it to the state for use as a CCC camp. CCC Company 1475 moved to the site on June 29, 1935. It built the first...
  • Haywood Farms - Stanton TN
    In 1937, when the Resettlement Administration was turned over to the Farm Security Administration, the proposed farmstead community at Haywood Farms, Douglass Community, was still in the land acquisition stage. Within a year, the Farm Security Administration had “built or repaired 100 houses for tenant farmers in West Tennessee at an average cost of $211 per room, or $2,050 per farmstead, including barns, fences, wells, smokehouses and other outbuildings” (100 tenants aided in state, p. 2). This included the Haywood Farms Project, where 19 homes were nearly completed by then. The contract for construction of 34 complete farm units of four...
  • Haywood Farms Project - Stanton TN
    The Farm Security Administration located 37 farms, developed from land mainly purchased from Willis Burchett Douglass, in the Douglas community near Stanton. The farms included a 5-room wooden frame house, outdoor toilet, waterpump, barn, and smokehouse. "The Project" as it was known locally, was developed as RR-TN-25 for African Americans, and local families participated in renting the farms with option to buy.
  • High School (former) - Clarksville TN
    The Clarksville High School received a 1935 addition to the building, funded by PWA, city, and Board of Education. PWA funded $14,000 of the total cost of $50,525. State PWA engineer was Thomas H. Allen, and Katterjohn was the low-bid contractor with 100 days to complete the project. The addition included a new gymnasium, four new classrooms, new library, enlargement of study halls, and renovation of old library to a commercial department and old gymnasium to a cafeteria. Architect was Clarence Speight. In addition, CCC enrollees attended adult education provided by WPA in the school, and E. R. Lingerfelt, state...
  • Holston Valley High School - Bristol TN
    Bristol, Tennessee's historic Holston Valley High School building was constructed between 1933 and 1935 with $90,828 of federal funds through the Public Works Administration (PWA). The building is still in service.
  • Hyde Park Grade School - Memphis TN
    The one-story elementary school was completed in September 1936 for use by African American children in Memphis. The building had two inner courtyards. Construction cost was $157, 627 and project cost was $175,692. The school was combined with another school to form Cypress Middle School following integration.
  • Joel W. Solomon Post Office and Courthouse Mural - Chattanooga TN
    "A mural called "Allegory in Chattanooga" curves behind the judge's bench. Installed in 1937, it was painted by Hilton Leech under the auspices of the Treasury Department's Section of Painting and Sculpture. The mural illustrates the history of the city through the New Deal era and includes a transmission tower symbolizing the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), headquartered in Chattanooga from its inception in 1935."   (https://www.gsa.gov)
  • Joel W. Solomon Post Office and Courthouse Sculpture - Chattanooga TN
    In addition to a New Deal mural by Hilton Leech, the building contains a cast-aluminum sculpture "The Mail Carrier" by Leopold Scholz. It was installed in 1938 under the auspices of the Treasury Section of Fine Arts.
  • John Gaston Hospital - Memphis TN
    The John Gaston Hospital was constructed during the Great Depression in Memphis, Tennessee with the assistance of funds provided by the Public Works Administration (PWA). "With the Gaston inheritance, $300,000 from the city , $100,000 from the county , and a grant from the Public Works Administration, the Memphis City Hospital generated $800,000" (Regional One Health). The new Gaston Hospital was opened in 1936 to replace the Memphis General Hospital, and demolished in 1990 in order to expand the newer facilities of the Regional One Health Medical Center.
  • John Sevier State Office Building - Nashville TN
    Nashville’s Tennessee State Office Building was built circa 1939-40 as part of the New Deal Public Works Administration program. It is an example of the Federal government’s efforts to provide employment during the Depression. The Streamlined Classical design of Nashville architect Emmons Woolwine is seen in the monumental scale of the pilasters and cornice and the simplified classical details of the building. Bronze screens and bas-relief sculptures by Rene Chambellan enhance the design on the exterior. Inside, the building has two large murals depicting "The Discovery of Tennessee" and "The Development of Tennessee," painted by well-respected artist Dean Cornwell. It...
  • John Sevier State Office Building Mural - Nashville TN
    This mural "The Discovery of Tennessee," painted by Dean Cornwell, was completed with New Deal funds in 1941.
  • Knoxville National Cemetery Improvements - Knoxville TN
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) conducted an improvement project at Knoxville National Cemetery, providing work for about 35 laborers.
  • Lake County Courthouse Renovations - Tiptonville TN
    The original 1905 courthouse, a wood frame Victorian, was renovated in 1936. J. H. McGuire and Company added a brick veneer, removed the Victorian tower, and replaced it with a 2-story Classical Revival style portico. In addition, rooms were added to the rear and the courtroom was renovated.
  • Lamar Terrace (demolished) - Memphis TN
    Lamar Terrace was the second low-cost housing project for white families in Memphis. It contained 478 units, and cost $2,500,000. It was demolished in 2005.
  • Lauderdale County Courthouse - Ripley TN
    Ripley, Tennessee's historic Lauderdale County Courthouse was constructed during the Great Depression with federal Public Works Administration (PWA) funds. The buff-colored Moderne courthouse was the fourth constructed for Lauderdale County, and the first of their PWA courthouses for architects Marr and Holman.
  • Lauderdale Courts - Memphis TN
    Lauderdale Courts was one of the first public housing projects undertaken under the New Deal, and one of the few housing developments originated under the New Deal that is still standing. The Market Street slums were cleared in order to build the apartments near downtown Memphis, Tennessee. The one, two, and three story group homes contained 66 buildings, 449 units, and held one-through-five-bedroom apartments. The project was one architecturally designed to "promote a sense of community" through a central mall/courtyard which connected apartments to the open shared space. One of the most famous tenants was Elvis Presley, who lived there from...
  • Lebanon Municipal Airport - Lebanon TN
    Lebanon Municipal Airport was developed by the Works Progress Administration, a New Deal program. Tennessee Encyclopedia: "Some of Tennessee's largest WPA projects reflected the arrival of the age of flight. WPA workers helped complete landing fields and airports at Jellico, Cookeville, Lebanon, Jackson, and Milan."
  • LeMoyne Gardens - Memphis TN
    Located on 26 acres, containing 60 buildings and 500 apartments, and with a cost of $1,446,043, the facility was constructed for occupancy by African Americans. In 1942, $1,500,000 was expended to add 100 2-story units encompassing an additional 15 acres to house African American war workers.
  • Lewis County Courthouse - Hohenwald TN
    Hohenwald, Tennessee's historic Lewis County Courthouse was constructed during the Great Depression with the assistance of federal Public Works Administration (PWA) funds. Constructed in PWA Moderne style, the building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Lockeland Elementary School - Nashville TN
    C. K. Colley and Sons designed the "graceful yet understated Tudor Revival" (Van West, 2001, p. 102) school on the site of the former Lockeland mansion with the assistance of the Public Works Administration (PWA) during the Great Depression. The school grounds were expanded during the 1940s and 1961, and the school remains in use as a "Design Center" specializing in literature and Spanish language instruction.
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