Emigrant Junction Ranger Station – Death Valley National Park CA


The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was present in Death Valley National Monument  from 1933 to 1942.  CCC ‘boys’ built erected dozens of buildings in the monument, including administrative, residential, maintenance and visitor facilities. 

One important building is the Emigrant Junction ranger station, built in 1942 as one of the CCC’s last projects in the monument.   The Emigrant Junction station, at the junction of the Towne Pass and Emigrant Pass roads, was the principal western entry point to Death Valley for decades.  The stone building seen here replaced a flimsier structure built in 1935.  It was  heavily modified in 1963, then restored in 1995 and 2001.  The ranger functions moved to Stovepipe Wells in 1987. (Smith & Palmer 2011).

The CCC built a campground and comfort station across the road from the Ranger Station.

Death Valley was proclaimed a national monument by President Herbert Hoover on February 11, 1933, just before he left office.  Hoover set aside almost two million acres (8,000 km2) of southeastern California and small parts of southwestern Nevada. Death Valley is both the lowest and hottest place in the Americas.

Death Valley became a National Park in 1994, in part due to the massive scarring of the landscape produced by continued surface mining allowed by Congress in national monuments. Public outcry  led to greater protection for all national park and monument areas in the country at the end of the 20th century.

The number of improvements in the park are so many that we have created multiple project pages to cover them all.

Source notes

Smith, Linda Greene and Judy Palmer, 2011. The Civilian Conservation Corps in Death Valley (1933-1942): A Brief CCC History and Visitor Guide. Amargosa Conservancy.

National Park Service webpage on the CCC in Death Valley

Wikipedia on Death Valley

Our Mark on This Land: A Guide to the Legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps in America's Parks by Ren & Helen Davis (McDonald & Woodward Publishing, Granville, OH, 2011)

Project originally submitted by Richard A Walker on January 30, 2019.
Additional contributions by John Stehlin, Joan Greer.

We welcome contributions of additional information on any New Deal project site.


Location Info

Death Valley, California 92328

Coordinates: 36.49795087016577, -117.22543056230472

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