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  • 7-D School - Branson CO
    The WPA completed work on this rural school outside Branson in 1937. From the website History Colorado: The 7-D School, constructed in 1936 to 1937 under the Works Progress Administration (WPA) is significant for its association with President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal legislative agenda to rescue the United States from the Great Depression.  The School presents an important record of the federal relief programs administered in Colorado’s Eastern Plains during the Great Depression.  Though the dire economic conditions of the Depression affected all of Colorado, drought and dust storms hit the agricultural-based economy of the Eastern Plains especially hard.  The construction...
  • 75th Street Elementary School – Los Angeles CA
    Seventy-Fifth Street Elementary, which opened in 1922, was rebuilt with a grant from the Public Works Administration (PWA). The work was done sometime in 1934-35. In January 1934, the PWA allocated $9,380,000 to the Los Angeles Unified School District for the rehabilitation of schools damaged in the severe 1933 Long Beach earthquake.  One hundred and thirty schools would benefit from the system-wide loan and grant, with 2,500 men to be employed in rehabilitation work over 21 months. Seventy-Fifth Street Elementary was one of three schools in the city to receive an outright grant.  It was awarded $24,000, while Huntington Park Elementary School received $7,000...
  • A. A. Low School (demolished) Improvements - Salem MA
    Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.) labor conducted improvements at the former A.A. Low School in Salem, Massachusetts. The facility was located at the northwest corner of Nichols St. and Butler St. WPA Bulletin: A new plumbing, heating and ventilation system has been installed by WPA in the A. A. Low School, Nichols Street, Salem. The old system was in poor condition and school authorities considered it a matter of economy to replace it at this time.
  • A. Harry Moore School Addition - Jersey City NJ
    The Jersey City Independent reported in 2009 that the A. Harry Moore School was "one of the first public schools in the country built for students with disabilities." While the school was constructed between 1930 and 1931, the New Deal played a large part in the school's expansion during the late 1930s. The newspaper continues: "The addition — with a natatorium , treatment rooms and solarium — was built in 1939 with WPA funds." The school is still in use today.
  • Abner Gap School (former) - Bee VA
    The former Abner Gap school in Bee, Dickenson County, Virginia, was constructed as a New Deal project. Known to be off State Highway 80, satellite views suggest the building is still extant. In 1940, W.E. French, who directed the Federal work programs in Dickenson County, reported that from December 1, 1933 to January 27, 1940, that $129,167.00 were spent on school projects in Dickenson County. Of this amount, the Federal government spent $162,968.00 and the county put up $56,699.00 of 25.8% of the cost. Among the jobs done were: ... new buildings at ... Abner Gap.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elementary School (Former) Repairs - St. Thomas VI
    The Federal Emergency Relief Administration and the Civil Works Administration carried out “repairs and renewals" work at the Abraham Lincoln Elementary School (now J. Antonio Jarvis School) on St. Thomas.
  • Abraham Lincoln High School - Los Angeles CA
    Abraham Lincoln High School, which opened in 1878, was rebuilt with funding from the Public Works Administration (PWA) between 1934 and 1935. Architect Albert C. Martin designed the Moderne-style buildings, which feature murals and sculptures likely completed under the auspices of the WPA Federal Art Project (FAP). In January 1934, the PWA allocated $9,380,000 to the Los Angeles Unified School District for the rehabilitation of schools damaged in the severe 1933 Long Beach earthquake.  One hundred and thirty schools would benefit from the system-wide loan and grant, with 2,500 men to be employed in rehabilitation work over 21 months. Upon receiving news of...
  • Abraham Lincoln High School - San Francisco CA
    Academic unit; shop unit, 2 gyms, auditorium to be added later. 1 new building. The October 3, 1938 edition of the Daily Pacific Builder reported that $750,000 in PWA funds had been allotted for the first unit of the construction of the Abraham Lincoln High School. From the school's current website: "The result of a 1938 bond measure approved by San Francisco voters to address the increasing population in the Western San Francisco area, Abraham Lincoln High School was incorporated into a modern three-story building that was completed at a cost of over $750,000 in 1940 with just 50 classrooms, a cafeteria, a...
  • Abraham Lincoln High School Athletic Fields - Brooklyn NY
    On April 23, 1941, the Department of Parks announced the opening "of a new playground and athletic field adjacent to the Abraham Lincoln High School" to be used jointly by the Park Department and the Board of Education. The new construction included: "...four paved tennis courts and two softball diamonds which in the future will be paved with bituminous material to provide all year round usage, including roller skating and ice skating, also a bituminously paved area in which are three shuffleboard courts, two paddle tennis courts, three basketball standards and a basketball court with removable standards. The athletic field consists of...
  • Abraham Lincoln School Improvements - Lynwood CA
    The New Deal carried out reconstruction and ground improvements.
  • Absarokee School - Absarokee MT
    The WPA allocated funds for construction of a new school building in Absarokee, Montana in 1938. The location and current status of the structure in question is unknown to Living New Deal.
  • Acadia School (former) - Madawaska ME
    The historic former Acadia School in Madawaska, Maine was constructed with the assistance of federal Public Works Administration (PWA) funds. The building "began as a high school and after several years it was an elementary school. At one time it housed 250 eighth-graders." It presently serves as a suite of medical facilities. The PWA provided a loan of $67,000 and a grant of $26,558 for the school's construction; its total cost was $97,295. Construction occurred between Aug. 1934 and Apr. 1935. PWA Docket No. ME 4758.
  • Acalanes High School - Lafayette CA
    A WPA stamp laid in front of the school identifies the school as being built in 1941. The stamp, originally in the sidewalk, has since been cut out of the ground and is now on display inside one of the classrooms.
  • Achieve Academy - Oakland CA
    The Public Works Administration (PWA) financed the construction of the Hawthorne Elementary School in the Fruitvale area of Oakland, California, in 1940.  The PWA had been incorporated into the Federal Works Agency (FWA) circa 1940 (the plaque does not give a date). The single-story building's design is (PWA) Moderne with bas-relief columns between the windows on the south wing and a decorative scrim above. The north wing is plain. The main entrance has a simple grooved edging.   Because the school lies within the main Latino/x district of Oakland, it has been painted in bright colors, as the community prefers. The effect...
  • Ackerman High School - Ackerman MS
    Ackerman High School is a 2-story Art Moderne building dating to 1941. Currently closed, the school was PWA Project Miss. 1156.
  • Acton High School (former) Improvements - Acton MA
    The former Acton High School building was greatly improved with federal Civil Works Administration (C.W.A.) funds and labor in 1933. School Committee Report, 1933: "The school system has functioned fairly normally during the past year. The pared appropriation hindered somewhat, but the C.W.A. came to our assistance. Work which we normally would have had to do out of our ow^n appropriation has been taken care of by that bit of legislation, a help to the tow^nspeople as well as ourselves. The high school building has been thoroughly painted inside, which is quite refreshing. The leaking walls have been thoroughly calked and...
  • Adams Elementary School - Logan UT
    Adams Elementary School was built in 1936 with funding from the Public Works Administration (PWA). The design was by local architect K.C. Schaub. It is a long, single-story, brick Moderne structure with subtle bas-relief columns and minimal decoration. The Adams School is still in use today.
  • Adams Hall, University of Oklahoma - Norman OK
    Adams Hall was constructed as the school of business for the University of Oklahoma in 1935 by the PWA. Joseph Smay was on the architecture faculty and designed this and Richards Hall in 1935.  Included in the project is a series of murals reflecting different aspects of Oklahoma business life by Craig Sheppard, a fine arts student at the time.  The sculptures of industry and commerce were executed by Jules Struppeck who did a Post Office project in Many, LA.
  • Adams School Annex - San Francisco CA
    Now the Ellis-Polk Police Station. Remodeled room for telatype and general complaints.--Healy, p.72. Originally the Adams School Annex, this building was then the San Francisco Ellis-Polk or "Northern" Police Station for many years. Though the inscription above the door now reads "Harvey Milk Children's Center," the building now houses the San Francisco Unified School District Student Nutrition Services Center.
  • Addams Elementary School - Long Beach CA
    Designed by Edwall James Baume, the original five units and garden courts at Addams Elementary School were built in 1934 with Public Works Administration (PWA) funding. Addams is one of six LBUSD schools built in the aftermath of the 1933 Long Beach Earthquake that were designed in the Period Revival style instead of WPA/PWA Moderne. The 1933 earthquake destroyed hundreds of schools throughout Southern California. “On August 29, 1933, Long Beach citizens approved a $4,930,000 bond measure for the rebuilding of schools. Applications for approximately thirty-five schools were filed with the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Public Works Administration (PWA); federal...
  • Adolfo Veve Fereau School - Ceiba PR
    The PRRA built rural schools across the Island through its Program of School Construction. Between 1937 and 1938, "The Federal government authorized the expenditure of $3,000,000 by the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration for school buildings. Of the original grant, $1,000,000 has been spent.” The exact location and status of this facility are unknown to Living New Deal.
  • Affton High School (Former) - Affton MO
    Affton High School was built by the PWA in 1935-37. The school has since been sold and repurposed into an extensive senior living center (The Village at Mackenzie Place). The old high school is at the front of the complex on Mackenzie.
  • Afton High School - Afton OK
    Afton High School was constructed in late 1934 as a New Deal project. The Public Works Administration (PWA) provided an $18,000 loan and $7,507 grant for the project, whose total cost was $26,287. PWA Docket No. OK 1948. OKHistory: This "T" shaped (192' x 98') structure is constructed of brick which has been painted yellow. The school consists of two units: a classroom unit which has a flat roof with parapets and a gym unit, which forms the stem of the "T" and has an arched roof with stepped parapets. The double door front entry is arched with fanlight, framed by pointed...
  • Agassiz Elementary School - San Francisco CA
      Vocational night school. Eighteen classrooms. Near high school. 'Bids will be opened for constructing Agassiz elementary unit of twelve classrooms to be located at Bartlett and Twenty-second Streets. Masten and Hurd are the architects. The estimated cost is $179,000.'--The Architect and Engineer, Nov. 1935 (p. 60)
  • Agnes Y. Humphrey School for Leadership - Brooklyn NY
    Originally constructed as Public School 27 (P.S. 27) in Red Hook, Brooklyn by the federal Work Projects Administration. The school was described by the WPA in 1940: "Will serve the Red Hook Housing Project, was completed in June, 1940. A three-story U-shaped building of colonial design of red brick with granite base and limestone trimmings. Replaces a school built in 1869. Features include a playroom 130 feet by 30 feet, lunch room and kitchen, 22 air-conditioned class rooms, each seating 42 pupils. Radio equipment will pick up the Board of Education's proposed ultra high frequency programs and the regular broadcase programs...
  • Agricultural Building - Berryville AR
    The single-story stone building was constructed by the WPA in 1940. It is of native stone veneer, quarried from the George Keck farm north of Berryville (Story, 1992). It is in the Plain Traditional style.
  • Agricultural Building - Goodman MS
    The National Youth Administration constructed a 1-story "very modernistic" brick classroom building for the Holmes County Agricultural High School in 1940 (Goodman High to have work). Architect James Manly Spain designed the building containing auditorium, classrooms, cafeteria, and basement. Approximately 75 laborers worked on the project from August 1939 to completion in January 1941. The project was slowed by winter weather.
  • Agriculture Building (former) - Stringer MS
    The National Youth Administration construction the agriculture vocational building at the Stringer School in 1938, employing 25 boys in the project.
  • Agua Fria School - Santa Fe NM
    The Atlas of Historic New Mexico Maps, produced with assistance from the New Mexico Humanities Council and the New Mexico Chapter of the National New Deal Preservation Association, lists a number of New Deal schools in Santa Fe, including Agua Fria. Constructed in 1935-36, the original adobe five-room school has been added to over the years, changing considerably the historic footprint of the building. Today, only the southwest corner reveals its earlier design. The campus is currently closed (2015) and undergoing a $15 million project to construct a new school.
  • Alabama Boys Industrial School Facilities- Birmingham AL
    The Works Progress Administration built facilities for the Alabama Boys Industrial School in Roebuck, a neighborhood of Birmingham, Jefferson County. The facilities included a dining hall and a heating plant. The present condition of the structure is unknown to the Living New Deal.
  • Alabama State Training School for Girls Facilities - Chalkville AL
    The Works Progress Administration built a total of five buildings for the State Training School for Girls in Chalkville, near Birmingham. The facilities included an administration building, hospital, clinic, and a swimming pool. The estimated federal cost was $179,072.00. The exact location and condition of the structure is unknown to the Living New Deal.
  • Albany High School - Albany CA
    Albany did not have a public high school until 1936; students traveled to Berkeley, Richmond or Oakland. The WPA and PWA contributed to the building of Albany High between, roughly, 1936-1941. According to the Albany Times from that period, five building units were constructed, including administrative offices, classrooms, laboratories, a cafeteria, nurse's offices, print shop, library, theater, gym, and music room. Regarding cost, also according to the Albany Times, the WPA contributed $20,000 of the $60,000 it cost to build the first unit, and at least $26,602 to building the third unit. A PWA grant of $28,350 went to the fourth...
  • Albuquerque High School (former) - Albuquerque NM
    "Albuquerque is home to scores of WPA buildings and works. Among the most prolific are the following- ... John Gaw Meem designed both Scoles Hall and Zimmerman Library on the campus of the University of New Mexico (the corner of University and Central). Both have undergone redesign and restoration, but still carry many of the architects innovative design features. Also on the campus of UNM, the Anthropology building is from that era, and contains three large murals by Joseph Imhof. The Old Albuquerque Municipal Airport (2920 Yale SE) is a Pueblo revival style two-story building that stands in the shadow of the Albuquerque...
  • Aleknagik Schoolhouse Inn - Aleknagik AK
    The Public Works Administration (PWA) contributed approximately $5,400 toward the construction of the Aleknagik Schoolhouse Inn in 1938. Built as a territorial school in 1933, the facility initially consisted of a log cabin. In 1938, the PWA built a two-story structure. The facility included a teacher's apartment, which is still in use today and serves as an inn. The structure is located on the south shore of Lake Aleknagik, near the Wood-Tikchik State Park.  A contemporary description of the structure states that "this historic two-story territorial schoolhouse overlooks the south shore of Lake Aleknagik and the Wood River. The Inn has three guest...
  • Alex Public School District #56 (Demolished) - Alex OK
    "The Alex Public School (pronounced Elic), is a red brick one-story T-shaped building, with its main entrance in the north intersection of the T. This entrance has new aluminum and glass double doors with two concrete steps. The doors are slightly recessed under a triangular pediment, and flanked by two round columns. "Many of the windows have been filled in with concrete block or covered with wood. This main building has numerous outbuildings in this school complex and contains all grades in this small town of approximately 550 residents. The school complex is located at F Street and 2nd Street. "The year...
  • Algodones Elementary School - Algodones NM
    From On September 17, 1935, the Bernalillo Board of Education prepared a WPA project proposal for an addition to an existing elementary school in the village of Algodones, a rural farming north of Albuquerque. The project would not only include the addition, but also “leveling and straightining of the school grounds” (WPA OP 65-85-492: 7158). The Board estimated that the work would cost $2,768,00, with the WPA contributing $3,168.00. The school addition and improvements was the only WPA project funded in the small community. The WPA played an important role in developing school infrastructure in New Mexico during the Great Depression. Prior to...
  • Alhambra High School Gymnasium - Alhambra CA
    On October 14, 1938, the Daily Pacific Builder reported that a PWA contract of $63,840 had been awarded for the construction of a boys' gym at Alhambra City High School. The plans had been prepared by architect John Walker Smart, and Steed Bros. won the construction contract.
  • Alhambra High School Renovation - Alhambra CA
    The science building at Alhambra High School was renovated in 1935 with New Deal funding, including from the Los Angeles County Relief Administration. Twenty-five laborers and 12 skilled tradesmen were employed on the project.
  • Alhambra School (former) Improvements - Phoenix AZ
    The federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) conducted improvement work at the old Alhambra School in Phoenix, Arizona during the 1930s. A gymnasium was also constructed in 1938. Living New Deal believes the old facility to be demolished.
  • Alice Carlson School Addition - Fort Worth TX
    "Alice E. Carlson Elementary was named in honor of the first woman who served on the school board. It originally opened as a 4-room school in 1926. The 1-story polychrome brown brick building was designed by Wiley G. Clarkson and constructed by A. J. Howard in a Mission Revival-influenced style. The rapid growth of the surrounding TCU neighborhood called for the enlargement of the school in 1935 under the PWA program. This addition, designed by Joseph R. Pelich and erected by Harry B. Friedman, tripled the size of the school and included an auditorium wing. The front entrance was altered slightly...
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