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  • Andrew McArdle Bridge Repairs - Boston MA
    A Boston Public Works Department report cited Federal Emergency Relief Administration (F.E.R.A.) labor as conducting the following work: "Meridian Street Bridge ... was chipped, cleaned and painted. ... Repaving and repairs were made to the approaches of the Meridian Street Bridge ..."
  • Anna Becker Park Improvements - Belen NM
    "The short - lived CWA program ... assisted the development of the Anna Becker Park in Belen."
  • Anna’s Hope Infrastructure Improvements - St. Croix VI
    The CWA completed land improvements at Anna’s Hope, including the improvement of roads, grounds, installing drainage, and terracing the grounds.
  • Anna’s Hope Land Improvements - St. Croix, VI
    The CWA made land improvements at Anna’s Hope on St. Croix. The work included improvement of roads, grounds, installing drainage, and terracing the grounds.
  • Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg MD
    The Battle of Antietam took place on September 17, 1862, and is known as the bloodiest day of the Civil War.  General George B. McClellan and his Union forces faced off against General Robert E. Lee and his Confederate Army at Sharpsburg, Maryland.  When the fighting was done, well over 3,500 men were dead, and another 19,000 wounded. Throughout the New Deal period, Antietam National Battlefield received a large amount of attention, funding, and work from the CWA, PWA, and WPA.  The CWA placed a historical survey group there, circa 1933-34; the PWA funded restoration of large buildings and monuments, such...
  • Appalachian State University Development - Boone NC
    Appalachian State University, then known as Appalachian State Teachers College (A.S.T.C), was substantially improved and developed as part of infrastructure and building construction projects on the institution's campus. Numerous New Deal organizations, including the Civil Works Administration (CWA), Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), Works Progress Administration (WPA), and Public Works Administration (PWA), provided labor or funding for the numerous projects undertaken at A.S.T.C. during the Great Depression. At A.S.T.C the CWA: conducted landscaping work; provided office help and laborers; repaired buildings; and installed a chlorinator (presumably for a pool). The FERA: constructed a gymnasium and a library; repaired a basement at...
  • Appalachian State University: Chappell Wilson Hall (old High School) - Boone NC
    A high school facility for Boone, NC was constructed in 1935-7* on the campus of what was then known as Appalachian State Teachers College (ASTC)—now Appalachian State University—by the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The building, known as Appalachian High School or Demonstration High School, is located on Locust Street south of Howard Street. * Note: Some sources date the project to 1938, though a WPA plaque on the building identifies the years as 1935 to 1937. AppState.edu: "Chapell Wilson was first known as Appalachian High School until 1965, when the school was merged into Watauga High School and the building was renovated...
  • Aqueduct Bridge Demolition - Washington DC
    Although the New Deal is best known for creation and construction, the Civil Works Administration (CWA) also put unemployed people to work demolishing obsolete structures. In the winter of 1933-34, CWA crews took down the old Aqueduct Bridge, a canal bridge built in 1843 that closed in 1923 when the nearby Key Bridge opened. An abutment of the bridge still remains, overlooking the Potomac Boat Club boathouse.
  • Arecibo Lighthouse Road Repair - Arecibo PR
    The Civil Works Administration carried out repair and maintenance work on the Arecibo Lighthouse Road in Arecibo.
  • Arecibo Road Improvements - Utuado PR
    The Civil Works Administration carried out road improvement work in Utuado. The work consisted of widening the curve for the road to Arecibo.
  • Arenales Altos Road Improvements - Isabela PR
    The Civil Works Administration and the Puerto Rico Emergency Relief Administration carried out repair and maintenance work in Arenales Altos in Isabela.
  • Arlington "Ollie" Edinboro Playground - New York NY
    St. Nicholas Park is a long stretch of park between Harlem and Manhattanville, reaching from 127th St. to 141st St. The park contains two playgrounds. The larger one at 129th St., known as St. Nicholas Playground, opened before the New Deal in 1931. A July 1934 Department of Parks press release announced the opening of a second playground at the opposite end of the park near 141st St.. When it opened, the 200 ft. by 60 ft. playground contained an "open pavilion, a comfort station and a wading pool which can be converted into a basketball court, and slides, jungle...
  • Armory (demolished) Development - Casper WY
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) and Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) worked to dramatically improve the conditions at the old armory in Casper, Wyoming in 1934. Casper Star-Tribune described the project as an "armory for the use of the national guard ... erected near Durbin and Fifteenth streets, at a cost of $12,308." A 1950s map shows that the facility was located south of 15th Street, between S Wolcott and S Durbin St. oilcity.news: "The Wyoming National Guard Armory was a unique, round brick structure originally built in 1927 to house cavalry horses. Over the years it was modified and used...
  • Armstrong Corner Road Development - Middletown DE
    Delaware utilized substantial federal resources in developing and improving its road network during the Great Depression. Among the dozens of projects undertaken by the federal Civil Works Administration (C.W.A.) during 1934 was construction along a road from "Reynolds Cor. to Armstrongs Cor." The location or name of the road(s) in question is unknown to Living New Deal. An average of 1,410 were put to work each week during 1934 as a result of the CWA's road, sidewalk, bridge, and other related infrastructure efforts in Delaware.  
  • Artic Brook Sewer - Bangor ME
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) built the Artic Brook Sewer in Bangor ME. The 1934 town report notes: "The Arctic Brook sewer was enclosed from Broadway to Kenduskeag Stream, or a distance of 2600 feet, by a 36 inch sewer, at a cost of $51,530." According to earlier articles, during December, 169 men plus a foreman and blacksmith were employed on the project. A typical pay week would bring $2,153 to the men. "ARTIC SEWER JOB BROUGHT CITY $50,000 More than $37,600 Spent For Labor on First CWA Project" "Approximately $50,000 was spent on the Artic Brook sewer, the oldest CWA project, in point of...
  • Athens School Improvements - Athens VT
    Multiple school buildings in southeastern Vermont were improved with federal Civil Works Administration (C.W.A.) funds and labor. Athens/Jamaica town report, 1933-4: At present there are four different jobs under the C. W. A. either going on or finished. At South Wardsboro the school house has been shingled and a new chimney built. At West Wardsboro one side of the school building has been shingled. At Athens running water is being piped to the school. In South Newfane the school building has been moved farther back from the road and is being completely remodeled. The labor for all these projects is provided...
  • Athletic Field - Garfield NJ
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) constructed an athletic field in Garfield, N.J. The exact location of the facility is unknown to Living New Deal.
  • Atkinson Municipal Airport - Pittsburg KS
    "The steel structure of the hangar rises from a concrete foundation. Corrugated metal siding clads the walls and very shallow gambrel roof. Large telescopic sliding doors, that extend beyond the original building, dominate the north and south ends. Windows and doors pierce the side (e & w) walls...The hangar originally had a segmental arch roof. Shed roof additions running the length of the side walls created the current roof form. The large end wall doors are also a significant alteration. Property owner Tommy Atkinson deeded airport land to the City of Pittsburg for $1, and solicited CWA funds for the project....
  • Atlantic Hose House (abandoned) - Augusta ME
    According to the auditors report in the 1934 town report, the CWA was involved in reconstruction of the fire station known as the Atlantic Hose House. According to a 2016 city report, the building is currently in a severe case of decay. For a time it was used by the Cony High School athletic department across the street for storage and activities but has been empty for several years, and boarded up. The city recommends that it be razed due to its condition.
  • Auberry and Millerton Road - Fresno County CA
    Two major road projects were accomplished by the Civil Works Administration (CWA) in Fresno County. The June 15 1933 issue of the Clovis Independent mentions the Auberry Road as one of a few major road projects being submitted by the Board of Supervisors. The February 3, 1934 issue said "Supervisor C. Todd Clark reported Wednesday that it is now planned to improve Millerton road from Friant to Auberry Junction with Funds from the new CWA appropriation." The April 4, 1934 article mentions that the widening of the Auberry Road was going to continue under FERA despite the liquidation of CWA projects.
  • Auditorium - Ravenna NE
    In December 1933, the Ravenna News reported that the city of Ravenna had been approached by the Buffalo County CWA (Civil Works Administration) Board with an offer of a grant for $6000.00 for the purpose of building a city auditorium. As a result of a bequest from a former citizen, William Bohning, in the amount of $5000.00, which was willed to the city for the express purpose of building a city hall, the city of Ravenna would not have to increase taxes in order to raise funds for the city’s portion of the funding for the auditorium. The building would...
  • Audubon Zoo - New Orleans LA
    "The Audubon Zoo is a zoo located in New Orleans, Louisiana. It is part of the Audubon Nature Institute which also manages the Aquarium of the Americas. The zoo covers 58 acres (23 ha) and is home to 2,000 animals. It is located in a section of Audubon Park in Uptown New Orleans, on the Mississippi River side of Magazine Street. The zoo and park are named in honor of artist and naturalist John James Audubon who lived in New Orleans starting in 1821... During the Great Depression a $400,000 expansion of the zoo was conducted by the Works Progress Administration. Many...
  • Audubon Zoo, Monkey Hill - New Orleans LA
    "Perhaps the highest return on investment ever earned on a few thousand federal dollars came in the form of a pile of dirt in a rather forlorn park at the depth of the Depression. The agency behind it was the Civil Works Administration, the park was Audubon, and the dirt is now known as Monkey Hill. Contrary to popular belief, the Works Progress Administration did not build Monkey Hill; the mound was nearly complete before the WPA came into existence with the 1935 Emergency Relief Appropriation Act. Nor was the hill a primary goal of the project, much less a designed landscape...
  • Avenue C Bridge (demolished) - Hutchinson KS
    The Civil Works Administration (CWA) constructed "a bridge across Cow Creek at the city tool yard on Avenue C." There is no longer a bridge at this location.
  • Aztec Ruins National Monument - Aztec NM
    The complex in Aztec Ruins National Monument consists of a "three-story structure as many as 500 rooms, includ a great kiva that is more than forty feet across." The name "Aztec" is a misnomer as the original excavators believed that the structures were from that tribe. In fact, "The pueblo dates from approximately A.D. 1100." In the winter of 1933-34, workers for the Civil Works Administration (CWA) built "an entrance road, a parking area, and general clean-up." Also in 1934, Public Works Administration (PWA) workers rebuilt some of the original structure as workers "dismantled the walls and relaid the masonry"...
  • Bain Gymnasium (demolished) - Mint Hill NC
    The federal Civil Works Administration (CWA) constructed a gymnasium at the old high school for the Bain school district in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina (now within the city limits of Mint Hill). The structure, whose exact location is unknown to Living New Deal, no longer exists. "The Long Creek High School Gymnasium was one of eight facilities of its general type constructed in Mecklenburg County under the arrangements outlined above, the others being at the high schools then in the local school districts of Huntersville, Paw Creek, Pineville, Sharon, Oakhurst, Berryhill, and Bain. Only the Long Creek Gymnasium survives from this...
  • Baker University: Heating Plant - Baldwin City KS
    The New Deal's Civil Works Administration (CWA) employed 30 men at the end of 1933 constructing a heating plant for Baker University in Baldwin City, Kansas. The exact location and status of the facility is currently unknown to Living New Deal.
  • Baldwin Drive – New Haven CT
    With funding from the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), and, later, the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the City of New Haven CT was able to construct a parkway from West Rock Park to a location six miles away known as Bethany Gap. According to the New Haven Museum, funds appropriated for the construction of the parkway helped “put unemployed persons to work during a period of record unemployment in the nation and state.” Baldwin Drive continues to serve residents today. 
  • Ballard High School Renovations - Seattle WA
    Ballard High School in Seattle opened in 1901, underwent renovations through New Deal funds in 1934. The Civil Works Administration (CWA) completed renovations between 1933 and 1934. Special Report of accomplishment by CWA workers from November 24th, 1933 to February 15th, 1934. Project KCWB 547-CWA 17-244. See 1934 progress report. *Building has been remodeled in 1998 and the work done by the CWA cannot be viewed.
  • Band Shell - Clay Center KS
    A band shell in Clay Center's Dexter Park was constructed in 1934. The work is often attributed to the Works Progress Administration (WPA). However, since the WPA did not exist until 1935, it is likely that that the band shell was actually constructed by one of the WPA's predecessor agencies: the Civil Works Administration (CWA) or Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), each of which was active in 1934.
  • Bandera County Library - Bandera TX
    The paper "A History of the Bandera Public Library" documents that a Civil Works Administration (CWA) project was secured to cover a portion of the cost to build a new building in 1934. In the book, History of Bandera County, Texas, the library is documented as a Works Progress Administration (WPA) project. It is speculated that the building began as CWA project and the WPA finished it as the former program ended and the latter program began during the time period the building was constructed.
  • Bandshell (former) and Landscaping - Abilene KS
    "The existing bandshell was constructed in 1992 to replace and earlier building constructed in 1934. The City received CWA funds to construct the original bandshell adjacent to the stadium in the fairgrounds park. It burned in 1992 and was replaced by the existing concrete block building in 1998. The contributing landscaping consists of the grassy lawn in front of the stage and dense linear segments of deciduous shrubs that follows the curve of the road between Eisenhower Park Road and Pine Street. It is unclear whether this landscaping was part of the CWA project that funded construction of the bandshell or...
  • Banneker Recreation Center Development - Washington DC
    During the 1930s, Banneker Recreation Area was developed as part of a larger Capital Parks improvement program undertaken by the Public Works Administration (PWA), Civil Work Adminstration (CWA), Works Progress Administration (WPA), and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Notably, the CWA was responsible for the completion of the historic Banneker Swimming Pool and Bath House in 1933-34.  Those facilities are still in place. Other New Deal work at Banneker included: “...tennis courts built; baseball diamond, football and soccer fields graded and equipped; running track and horseshoe courts installed; landscaping around field house completed.”   (National Archives) Most of this was probably done by the WPA, which...
  • Barclay House - Oregon City OR
    Currently serving as the National Park Service's administrative office for the Fort Vancouver - McLoughlin House Unit, the Dr. Forbes Barclay House shares more than proximity with its better-known neighbor (the McLoughlin House). The two structures not only housed important figures of the Hudson Bay Company, who then retired to Oregon City and contributed to the development of the town, their preservation and restoration are linked in several efforts of the New Deal era as well. Built in 1849, the Barclay House is one of Oregon's oldest examples of Classical Revival architecture. As such, the Civil Works Administration (CWA) funded local...
  • Barkers Landing Bridge - Dover DE
    Delaware utilized substantial federal resources in developing and improving its road network during the Great Depression. Among the dozens of projects undertaken by the federal Civil Works Administration (C.W.A.) during 1934 was construction at the Barkers Landing Bridge, several miles southeast of Dover. Living New Deal believes the bridge to have been replaced. An average of 1,410 were put to work each week during 1934 as a result of the CWA's road, sidewalk, bridge, and other related infrastructure efforts in Delaware.  
  • Barrancas Road Construction - Barranquitas PR
    The Civil Works Administration and the Puerto Rico Emergency Relief Administration carried out new road construction on Barrancas Road in Barranquitas.
  • Barrio Higuillales Road Improvements - Naranjito PR
    The Civil Works Administration and the Puerto Rico Emergency Relief Administration carried out repair and maintenance work on Barrio Higuillales Road in Naranjito.
  • Barrio Nuevo Road Construction - Bayamón PR
    The Civil Works Administration and the Puerto Rico Emergency Relief Administration carried out new road construction on Barrio Nuevo Road in Bayamón.
  • Bartow Civic Recreation Center and Pool (former) - Bartow FL
    The Bartow Civic Recreation Center and pool were built ca. 1933-1935.  Records suggest the project was started by workers in the Civil Works Administration (CWA) and completed by workers in the Work Division of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). Around 1969-1973, the recreation center became the Oaks School.  In 2005, the Oaks School closed, and the current use of the building is unknown.  The pool no longer exists.  (A new civic center was built in 1967, on Floral Avenue.) The construction of the building was described in great detail by Mary E. Adkins, in the January 27, 1934 edition of the...
  • Beach Park Improvements - West Hartford CT
    In 1933/4 the federal Civil Works Administration (C.W.A.) furnished the labor toward improvements at Beach Park in West Hartford, including the clearing of floral detritus.
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