The Supreme Court decision on the Janus labor case is poised to have a devastating effect on public-sector unions. The decision states that public sector employees cannot be required to pay fees to labor unions, and effectively dismantles one of the pillars of the New Deal—the National Labor Relations Act (also known as the Wagner Act). Signed into law by President Roosevelt on July 5, 1935, the Wagner Act required employers to negotiate with unions selected by a majority of employees, and provided employee protections. Click here for more on the repercussions this ruling. See the FDR Presidential Library for a brief history of the Wagner Act.